Chapter 1

Getting into the X-ray dimension

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how a chest X-ray is created and be able to identify the key components of a chest X-ray.
5 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 2

X-ray examinations and the X-ray image

At the end of this chapter, the student will know about the different types of chest X-ray examinations and understand the key elements of the interpretive process.
  • Types of X-Ray examinations
  • The importance of quality - good film/bad film
  • Visual perception
  • X-ray examinations and the X-ray image quiz
4 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 3

Airways, hila, and mediastinum

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how to differentiate between normal and abnormal airways, hila, and mediastinum on a chest X-ray.
  • Radiological zones—and an introduction to landmarks
  • Trachea and major bronchi
  • How to confidently identify the carina
  • Trachea and bronchi—common pathology
  • The hilum—identification
  • The hilum—pulmonary veins
  • The hila—common abnormalities
  • The mediastinum—anatomy and classification
  • The mediastinum—lines, stripes, and borders
  • The mediastinum—common pathology
  • Airways, hila, and mediastinum quiz
11 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 4

The lungs, airspaces, and interstitium

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how to differentiate between normal and abnormal lungs on the chest X-ray.
  • Radiological anatomy of the airspaces
  • Radiological anatomy of peripheral pulmonary vessels and the interstitium
  • Pathology that causes the lungs to be too white
  • The many faces of pneumonia
  • Interstitial lung disease—linear/reticular pattern
  • Interstitial lung disease—nodular pattern
  • Lung nodules and masses—detecting lung cancer
  • The lungs—easily missed pathology
  • The hyperlucent lung
  • The lungs, airspaces, and interstitium quiz
10 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 5

The heart and pericardium

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how to differentiate between normal and abnormal heart and mediastinum on the chest X-ray.
  • Radiological anatomy (rAnatomy)
  • Location of the heart valves
  • Abnormal cardiopericardial shadow
  • The failing heart
  • The pericardium—common pathology
  • The heart and pericardium quiz
6 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 6

The pleura, diaphragms, and chest wall

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how to differentiate between normal and abnormal pleura, diaphragms, and chest walls on the chest X-ray.
  • The pleura—radiological anatomy (rAnatomy)
  • Pleural space—when the pleura is too black
  • Pleural space—when it is too white
  • What else can go wrong with the pleura?
  • The diaphragms—radiological anatomy (rAnatomy)
  • The diaphragms—common pathology
  • The chest wall—radiological anatomy (rAnatomy)
  • The chest wall—common pathology
  • The pleura, diaphragms, and chest wall quiz
9 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 7

Localization of disease in the thorax

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how to confidently localize pathology within the thorax.
  • Probability method
  • Characterization method
  • Grid method—establishing the grid lines
  • Using the grid method in the right lung
  • Using the grid method in the left lung
  • Localization of disease in the thorax quiz
6 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 8

Atelectasis and collapse

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how to confidently identify and localize lobar collapse.
  • Types of atelectasis
  • Radiological features of lobar collapse
  • Collapse involving the right lung lobes
  • Collapse involving the left lung lobes
  • Entire lung vs. effusion
  • Atelectasis and collapse quiz
6 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 9

Lines, tubes, and devices

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how to confidently identify the normal and aberrant positioning of intravascular, intracardiac, airway, and GI lines and tubes
  • Central venous lines
  • Abnormal central venous catheter positioning
  • Airway tubes
  • Abnormal ETT positioning
  • Nasogastric tubes
  • Abnormal nasogastric (NG) positioning
  • Cardiac leads
  • Abnormal cardiac pacer leads positioning
  • Lines, tubes, and devices quiz
9 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 10

The post-op chest

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how to confidently identify the normal and abnormal findings related to thoracic surgery.
  • Trachea and bronchi
  • Lungs
  • Esophagus
  • Cardiac
  • Chest wall
  • The post-op chest quiz
6 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 11

The AP chest X-ray

At the end of this chapter, the student will know what to look out for on a portable chest X-ray.
  • Indications and technical considerations
  • The critically ill patient—special considerations
  • The AP chest X-ray quiz
3 Lessons, 1 Quiz
Chapter 12

The interpretive process

At the end of this chapter, the student will know how to confidently interpret a chest X-ray.
  • The step-by-step approach
  • The algorithm
  • The interpretive process quiz
3 Lessons, 1 Quiz