Cristiana is the Lead Clinical Cardiac Physiologist at Cromwell Hospital, London, and Honorary Highly Specialized Cardiac Physiologist at John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford.
Why I love to teach
I’m a cardiac physiologist specializing in echocardiography and cardiac rhythm management. I lead the Complex Diagnostics unit and the Development & Education Workstream of the Cardiology service at Cromwell Hospital, London, and am an Honorary Highly Specialised Cardiac Physiologist at the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford. I previously led the research clinical physiology service and the Oxford Research Echocardiography Core Lab at the University of Oxford. I am the editor of a best-selling echocardiography textbook and am passionate about teaching echocardiography to new generations of scientists to come.
Courses with Cristiana
Latest articles with Cristiana
Using pulmonary regurgitation to infer right-heart pressure in echocardiography
When assessing right ventricle pressure in congenital heart disease, you can leverage the pulmonary artery diastolic pressure. Which view should you use? At which exact point should you measure the pressure of the pulmonary regurgitation jet? In this video, Cristiana Monteiro—a cardiac physiologist from the University of Oxford—provides answers and explains the underlying physics for this procedure.
Inferring right-heart pressures with echocardiography using tricuspid regurgitation
Measuring the velocity of the tricuspid regurgitation jet can help you estimate the systolic pressure in the right ventricle. How do you get a reliable measurement in patients with atrial fibrillation? In this video, Cristiana Monteiro—a cardiac physiologist from the University of Oxford—provides answers and explains the underlying physics of this right-heart pressure measurement.
Imaging the tricuspid valve in echocardiography
The tricuspid valve is made up of three non-identical leaflets: the anterior, the septal, and the posterior one. Their sizes and positions differ between individuals, which makes identifying them on ultrasound images tricky. In this video, Cristiana Monteiro—a cardiac physiologist from the University of Oxford—explains the anatomy behind septal defects and how to diagnose them using ultrasound.
How to detect PFOs and ASDs with the help of echocardiography
The interatrial septum can contain defects, like a patent foramen ovale or primum or secundum atrial septal defects. How do you distinguish between an ultrasound artifact and a real defect? What is the role of Doppler ultrasound in diagnosing septal defects? Can the appearance of the right heart provide any clues? In this video, Cristiana Monteiro—a cardiac physiologist from the University of Oxford—explains the anatomy behind septal defects and how to diagnose them using ultrasound.
Recognizing poor right ventricular systolic function in echocardiography
Right ventricular failure is caused by left ventricular failure, heart attack, or hereditary right heart diseases. What are the echocardiography signs of systolic dysfunction in the right ventricle? How is the tricuspid anulus supposed to move in a healthy heart? What about the free wall of the right ventricle? In this video, Cristiana Monteiro—a cardiac physiologist from the University of Oxford—shares her expert approach to right heart echo.
Measuring the right ventricle with echocardiography
Measuring the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) with echocardiography is a great way to recognize dilation of the right ventricle. Which views should you use for measurement? Which dimensions should you measure? How can you recognize right ventricular hypertrophy? In this video, Cristiana Monteiro – a cardiac physiologist from the University of Oxford – shares her expert approach to right-heart echo.