Indications for CMR
CMR is a very versatile imaging modality. Here you'll learn when CMR is useful—and when it isn't.
- Indications for CMR intro
- Indications for CMR
- Indications for CMR quiz
How to undertake a standard CMR study
In this chapter, you'll learn all the steps to performing a standard CMR study.
- How to undertake a standard CMR study intro
- Planning your CMR study: localisers
- Planning your CMR study: pilot views
- Obtaining cine CMR images of the heart
- The short-axis stack and left ventricular quantification
- The role of late gadolinium enhancement imaging
- How to undertake a standard CMR study quiz
How to undertake a stress CMR study
Stress CMR tells us a lot about coronary artery disease. Learn how stress studies are performed.
- How to undertake a stress CMR study intro
- Preparing for an adenosine stress CMR study
- How to perform adenosine stress
- How to perform dobutamine stress
- Stress CMR and late gadolinium enhancement
- How to undertake a stress CMR study quiz
How to assess flow
Flow CMR can be used to quantify valvular stenosis and regurgitation, shunts, and much more. In this chapter we'll show you how.
- How to assess flow intro
- The fundamentals of flow CMR
- Quantification of flow
- How to assess flow quiz
Left ventricular size and function
CMR offers accurate and reproducible assessment of left ventricle size and function. Here you'll learn the key principles.
- Left ventricular size and function intro
- The fundamentals of left ventricular assessment
- The left ventricular short-axis stack
- Quantifying left ventricular function and mass
- Left ventricular dysfunction and infarction/fibrosis
- Left ventricular size and function quiz
Right ventricular size and function
The right ventricle is difficult to assess using echocardiography, but much easier with CMR. We'll show you how to quantify right ventricular size and function.
- Right ventricular size and function intro
- How to assess right ventricular size and function
- Quantifying right ventricular size and function
- Additional views and examples of pathology
- Right ventricular size and function quiz
Learn how to identify areas of myocardial infarction using CMR, how to assess myocardial viability, and how to look for post-infarct complications.
- Myocardial infarction intro
- How to assess myocardial infarction
- Myocardial viability and MI complications
- Myocardial infarction quiz
Here we'll take a look at the assessment of myocardial ischemia using perfusion imaging and also regional wall motion abnormalities.
- Myocardial ischemia intro
- Assessing myocardial perfusion
- Assessing RWMAs and coronary arteries
- Myocardial ischemia quiz
Learn about the CMR assessment of dilated cardiomyopathy, and the clinical significance of mid-wall enhancement.
- Dilated cardiomyopathy intro
- How to assess dilated cardiomyopathy
- The importance of mid-wall enhancement in DCM
- Dilated cardiomyopathy quiz
Cardiac amyloidosis has some characteristic features on CMR. In this chapter, we'll show you what these features are.
- Cardiac amyloidosis intro
- How to assess cardiac amyloidosis
- Cardiac amyloidosis quiz
Learn how CMR can help in the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and how it can provide information on myocardial fibrosis and hemodynamics.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy intro
- How to assess hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Assessing myocardial fibrosis and hemodynamics
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy quiz
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a fascinating condition. In this chapter, we'll show you which CMR features to look for.
- Takotsubo cardiomyopathy intro
- How to assess takotsubo cardiomyopathy
- Takotsubo cardiomyopathy quiz
Left ventricular thrombus
Learn the most effective way to identify left ventricular thrombus using CMR.
- Left ventricular thrombus intro
- How to assess LV thrombus
- Left ventricular thrombus
Myocarditis can be a challenging clinical diagnosis, but CMR makes things easier. Here you'll learn about the key features to look for.
- Myocarditis intro
- How to assess myocarditis
- Myocarditis quiz
CMR can tell us a lot about pericardial effusions, pericardial constriction, pericardial cysts, and much more.
- Pericardium intro
- How to assess the pericardium
- Pericardium quiz
Aortic valve morphology
The excellent image quality of CMR makes it ideal for studying bicuspid aortic valves. Here we'll learn how to examine aortic valve morphology using CMR.
- Aortic valve morphology intro
- How to assess aortic valve morphology
- Examples of abnormal aortic valve morphology
- Aortic valve morphology quiz
Learn how to assess the etiology and severity of aortic stenosis using CMR, and also how to assess the consequences for the aorta and left ventricle.
- Aortic stenosis intro
- How to assess aortic stenosis
- Quantification of aortic stenosis
- Assessment of the aorta and left ventricle
- Aortic stenosis quiz
CMR permits the direct quantification of aortic regurgitant volume. Here, we'll show you how this is done.
- Aortic regurgitation intro
- How to assess aortic regurgitation
- Quantification of aortic regurgitation
- Aortic regurgitation quiz
Aortic valve surgery
CMR can be used in the assessment of patients who have undergone aortic valve surgery. Learn what to look for in this chapter.
- Aortic valve surgery intro
- How to assess aortic valve surgery
- Aortic valve surgery quiz
In this chapter we'll show you how to quantify mitral regurgitation severity and the consequences on the left ventricle.
- Mitral regurgitation intro
- How to assess mitral regurgitation
- Mitral regurgitation quiz
Mitral valve surgery
CMR can be performed after mitral valve repair and replacement to assess any residual or recurrent problems. Learn how in this chapter.
- Mitral valve surgery intro
- How to assess mitral valve surgery
- Mitral valve surgery quiz
The tricuspid valve
CMR can be used to assess the right-sided heart valves. We'll take a look at the tricuspid valve.
- The tricuspid valve intro
- How to assess the tricuspid valve
- The tricuspid valve quiz
The pulmonary valve
Learn how to assess pulmonary valve disease.
- The pulmonary valve intro
- How to assess the pulmonary valve
- Quantification of pulmonary valve disease
- The pulmonary valve quiz
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
Learn about the CMR criteria for a diagnosis of ARVC and take a look at some examples.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy intro
- An introduction to assessing ARVC
- Examples of CMR imaging in ARVC
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy quiz
Atrial septal defect
Learn how to assess atrial septal defects and how to quantify shunts.
- Atrial septal defect intro
- How to assess atrial septal defect
- Shunt quantification and additional features
- Atrial septal defect quiz
Ventricular septal defect
CMR can show us the anatomy of ventricular septal defects and also allows us to quantify shunts and to assess the consequences for the ventricles.
- Ventricular septal defect intro
- How to assess ventricular septal defect
- Ventricular septal defect quiz
Learn how CMR can help you assess pulmonary hypertension.
- Pulmonary hypertension intro
- What CMR can offer in assessing pulmonary hypertension
- Pulmonary hypertension quiz
In this chapter you'll learn about the key features of aortic coarctation on CMR.
- Aortic coarctation intro
- How to assess aortic coarctation
- Aortic coarctation quiz
Like any imaging modality, CMR can reveal unexpected abnormalities. We'll take a look at some examples and how to recognise them.
- Incidental findings intro
- Making sense of incidental findings
- Incidental findings quiz
CMR is prone a number of different imaging artifacts. Learn how to recognise these, and how to avoid them.
- Artifacts intro
- How to recognize artifacts
- Artifacts quiz